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Façade of the Archbasilica of St. John in Lateran

Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome, Italy

Type Particular church (sui iuris)
Classification Catholic
Orientation Western Christianity
Scripture Vulgate
Theology Catholic theology
Polity Episcopa
Governance Holy See
Pope Francis
Region Mainly in Western EuropeCentral Europe, the Americas, the Philippines, pockets of AfricaMadagascarOceania, with several episcopal conferences around the world
Language Ecclesiastical Latin
Liturgy Latin liturgical rites
Headquarters Archbasilica of Saint John LateranRomeItaly
Founder Apostles Peter and Paul
Origin 1st century
RomeRoman Empire
Members 1.311 billion (2018)
Other name(s)
  • Western Church
  • Latin Catholic Church
  • Roman Catholic Church


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